What is Diabetes Mellitus?
There are two types of diabetes mellitus: in Type 1 diabetes the pancreas secretes no insulin because the cells in the pancreas are damaged, and in Type 2 diabetes there is some insulin available from the pancreas, but the insulin no longer regulate and accelerate the oxidation of sugar in the body. However, there are other types of diabetes. These other types of diabetes are referred to by specific terms based on the effects they have on the body.
Specific terms for other types of diabetes:
Diabetes Insipidus - ("lacks flavor") is a relatively rare chronic disease characterized by the excretion of large quantities of pale dilute urine but free from sugar and other abnormal constituents. The pituitary gland fails to produce the hormone vasopressin which regulates re-absorption of water from the kidneys.
Renal Diabetes occurs when the kidneys are unable to reabsorb the proper amount of glucose back into the blood.
Gestation diabetes (diabetes of pregnancy)
This poses some interesting questions such as: What is Diabetes?
The term diabetes is characterized by the bodily process of excreting waste matter (as in excessive urination), a strong physiological need for food (excessive hunger) and to drink (excessive thirst).
Furthermore, diabetes is the name of a group of chronic disease that affect the way the body uses food to make the energy necessary for life. Primarily, diabetes is a disruption of carbohydrate (sugar and starch) metabolism, which in turn also affects how the body metabolise fats and proteins.